As we all know every year, 5th of June is celebrated as the World Environment Day (WED), a United Nations’ initiative to encourage awareness and action for the protection of our environment. Each WED has a theme and a host country where official celebrations take place. This year the theme is ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’ and the host country is India.
As the world is developing day by day, the pollution too. A study conducted by Ellen McArthur Foundation in 2015 says that about 6.3 billion tonnes of plastic waste has been generated in the world so far, and around 90% of this will not decompose for at least 500 years. Micro-plastic or tiny fragments have been found in soil, tap water, bottled water, beer and even in the air we breathe, according to scientists.
It is so sad to hear that in a year, the amount of plastic waste that India generates is equivalent to the weight of 30 Titanic ships. Among the Indian states, Maharashtra generates the maximum plastic waste, with Gujarat coming second.
Coming to oceans, Oceans are very important that they hold 95% of planets water. They are getting polluted day by day.
At present, one garbage truck full of plastic is dumped into the ocean every minute. This is expected to grow to two trucks by 2030 and to four by 2050.
According to a research conducted by Trucost, plastic causes nearly $75 billion of environmental damages. It is hazardous to both animals and humans. Plastics dumped into oceans move up the food chain causing several health hazards like Cancer, Endocrine problems, etc. in humans.
Plastic stood in the top five items which pollute oceans. This was discovered in the world’s largest ever ocean clean-up exercise conducted in 2017.
If nothing is done to control the present situation of rampant generation of plastic waste, the pollution would double within the next 30 years and there would be more plastic in the ocean than fishes.
“Each day every one of us does atleast one green good towards our social responsibility there will be billions of green good deeds on the planet”-said union Minister Harsh Vardhan on world environment day.
HERE IS THE LIST OF SOME POLLUTER WATER BODIES IN INDIA:
- Ganga River
- Yamuna River
- Sabarmati River
- Damodar river
- Oshiwara River
- Gomti River
- Mahi River
- Musi River
As we can see most of the water bodies in India are polluted (You can read our first blog to know more)
Articles appeared on World Environment Day
FEW THINGS TO DO TO KEEP THE OCEANS CLEAN?
- Educate yourself about oceans and marine world
All life on Earth is connected to the ocean and its inhabitants. The more you learn about the issues facing this vital system, the more you’ll want to help ensure its health—then share that knowledge to educate and inspire others.
- Help to take care of the beach
Whether you enjoy diving, surfing, or relaxing on the beach, always clean after yourself. Explore and appreciate the ocean without interfering with wildlife or removing rocks and coral. Go even further by encouraging others to respect the marine environment or by participating in local beach cleanups.
- Support organizations working up to clean the oceans
Many institutes and organizations are fighting to protect ocean habitats and marine wildlife. Find a national organization and consider giving financial support or volunteering for hands-on work or advocacy. If you live near the coast, join up with a local branch or group and get involved in projects close to home.
- Travel the ocean responsibility
Practice responsible boating, kayaking, and other recreational activities on the water. Never throw anything overboard, and be aware of marine life in the waters around you.
We keep it clean only when we use it.
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